The three main conditions for obtaining Spanish nationality
The first requirement is permanence as a legal residence necessary to be able to opt for Spanish nationality.
The permanence has to be continuous, that means that there is no period or gap in which it is lost or recovered.
The second requirement, the permanence must also be immediately prior to requesting nationality, that means that one could have had, three or four years ago for the period that is required for me, lose it and request it again
It has to be that it is in force and that it is immediately previous in a single period of time.
It must also be specified that the stay has to be regular, this means that I have to have a valid and legal residence permit and that I can prove it.
Staying as students does not count because although it is considered a residence permit, it is not, it is a simple residence.
It does not count us for the purposes of computing all this time.
Said this, we explain the periods that are needed.
As a general rule the period is ten years of legal residence in Spain for all nationals of any country, with the exception of countries Latin Americans or Ibero-Americans, Equatorial Guinea, the Philippines, Andorra and Portugal for these countries, they need only two years.
We are talking about countries such as Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Argentina Peru Venezuela are even countries that only need two years of residence in Spain to be able to opt for Spanish nationality.
These are the two broadest assumptions.
There are also other different periods of residence such as those who have obtained international protection (Asylum) in Spain.
In this case it is a period of five years of legal residence.
We have those people who are married to a Spanish. They only need one year of legal residence, also the one who remained a widower or widow while still married without divorcing or separating, it does not matter how long he or she has been married.
Nationality is also granted to a person born in Spain who has had one year of residence.
These are the somewhat generic periods.
There are other more specific periods such as the one that has been adopted by a Spaniard, that person who has come irregularly or who for any reason has been with the protection of a public body (NGO) or those disabled people.
These are generally the periods of continuous stay that you have that establishing this is the first important requirement.
Another important requirement is the conduct that means that we do not have a criminal record in the country of origin and neither that we have a criminal record in Spain or police record.
Be careful, there is an error in which it is believed that the fact of not having a criminal record is enough and it is not.
It is also important not to have a police record, that means not having had any setbacks with the law and if they have, they will be required to provide that they are canceled or explain the reason why they have it.
The third important requirement is also the social integration that since 2015 has been stipulated through national examinations, which are organized in different parts of the Spanish territory, organized by the Cervantes Institute.
There are two types of exams, one is the linguistic exam called the DELE and the other is an exam on general culture and the Spanish constitution, it is called the CCSE is for general culture.
It is a 25-question exam where we can miss 10 and we have 15 to go as correct at least to be able to pass the exam.
It is a test type, in which we have to select several options, it is not a complicated exam.
Then we have the other exam, the DELE which is usually complicated is an exam stipulated at least an A2 level, This exam certifies the ability of the language for the person to understand and use frequently everyday expressions, almost always related to areas of experience that are especially relevant to them.
Those countries that have Spanish as their mother tongue, such as Latin American countries and the Philippines, do not have to take the DELE language test. The rest of the countries have to.
The language test contains 4 parts:
1 / Reading comprehension
The tasks carried out by the candidate: The test consists of four tasks with discrete pre-selected answer questions and a series of texts that accompany the comprehension task. Some task may include, instead of a single text, several fragments or micro dialogues.
2 / Listening comprehension
It is a way to “use” the language and that it is related to the mode of transmission, oral or written, and according to the role in communication.
3 / Written expression
The tasks carried out by the candidate: The test consists of two tasks: one for interaction and one for expression. The total length of the texts that the candidate writes: Between 130 and 150 words.
4 / Oral expression
This task, which is prepared in the preparation room, lasts about 5 or 6 minutes. The candidate has to prepare a monologue from an image, which has a statement that describes the situation, and questions to follow in preparing the topic. The candidate can choose between two images, both public, educational and professional. We can help you enroll and study telematically. We have several agreements with various academies and training centers that can help you study and pass the exams. You have to know, write, express yourself in Spanish and describe a situation of everyday life in front of an examiner. Enrollment is done through the Instituto Cervantes website. The presentation of the application is also done online, the registration for the exams is quite complicated. We can do it through your authorization.
The time of resolution of the request:
The regulations establish that it cannot take more than one year to resolve the file.
But it actually takes more than a year. What happens? What happens is that if it reaches the year and we still have not resolved the file, we can present a contentious judgment to the administration, what it does in practice is that the ministry will resolve before going to trial because it causes them more disorder and more loss of time.
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